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Acne

acne  Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples. These include white heads, black heads, papules, pustules, nobules, cysts and inflamed patches on the skin of your face, upper part of the chest or the back.

Acne occurs when tiny holes called pores on the surface of the skin become clogged. It is not dangerous but can leave skin scars.

Acne runs in families.
Acne is most common in teenagers – 3 out of 4 teenagers have acne and this is caused by hormonal changes that cause the skin to be oily.
In most cases acne appears at age 11 and disappears by age 25. Others may carry it on beyond their 40s.
Acne is worsened during menstrual cycle, stressful periods and hot or humid climate.

Treatment for acne includes;

  • Clean your skin gently with a mild soap at least twice a day. Avoid scrubbing or repeated washing.
  • Avoid oily hair and remove all make-up. Keep your hair away from your face
  • Do not squeeze or scratch your pimples as this leads to infections and scars.
  • Avoid touching your face with your hands and fingers.
  • Keep your hands clean by washing them regularly.
  • Avoid creamy or oily creams and cosmetics.
  • Avoid chocolate, pizza, junk, greasy and fried foods.
  • Try off the counter medications that contain benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol or salicylic acid. Antibiotics are reserved for severe cases.
  • Consult a health provider is the above self-care and off the counter medications don’t help.

Teenagers may be affected psychologically leading to depression in extreme cases. Their self-esteem may reduce due to social insecurity or even bullying. Early and aggressive treatment is important to lessen the long term impact.

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