Water is a chemical compound with the chemical formulaH2O. A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds. Water is a liquid at temperatures above 0 °C (273.15 K, 32 °F) at sea level, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state (water vapor or steam).
Water is vital for us as it’s the main essential compound of our bodies.
Water has been ranked by experts as second only to oxygen as essential for life.
The human body is made up of over 70% water. Our blood is more than 80%‚ our brain … over 75%‚ and the human liver is an amazing 96% water!
Uses of Water to the human body
- A coolant that regulates body temperature. This is through perspiration, which dissipates excess heat & cools our bodies.
- As a solvent, it helps in the internal cleanliness of body by excreting urine, excreta and other poisonous substances from the body – detoxification.
- Personal cleanliness like in bathing, brushing teeth…
- Helps in body building. It is present in cells, bones and blood in the body.
- Helps as a lubricant in the secretion of digestive juices in the body.
- Protects the body organs from injuries, shocks and frictions.
- Water lubricates our joints. The cartilage tissues found at the ends of long bones & between the vertebrae of the spine hold a lot of water, which serves as a lubricant during the movement of the joint.
- Brain tissue is 85% water. Although the brain is only 1/50th of the body weight, it uses 1/20th of the blood supply. With dehydration, the level of energy generation in the brain is decreased. Depression & chronic fatigue syndrome are frequently results of dehydration.
- Migraine headaches may be an indicator of critical body temperature regulation at times of “heat stress.” Dehydration plays a major role in bringing on migraines. Dehydration causes stress & stress causes further dehydration.
- Hydrotherapy is the therapeutic use of hot / cold water externally.
- Soaking in Hot water or a steam bath after a hard day’s work makes one feel more relaxed and less stressed than before.
- Cold water reduces inflammation. Ice pack reduces swelling.
- A cold water bath is used to treat constipation, irregular vaginal discharge, hemorrhoids.
- Spa treatments using alternating hot and cold water improve upper respiratory problems, congestion, foot infections, and headaches.
Signs of Dehydration
- Dry, sticky mouth, Dry skin
- Sleepiness or tiredness — children are likely to be less active than usual
- Decreased urine output — no wet diapers for three hours for infants and eight hours or more without urination for older children and teens
- Few or no tears when crying
- Dizziness or light headedness
- Lack of sweating
- Low blood pressure
- In the most serious cases, delirium or unconsciousness
Get immediate medical care if you develop severe signs and symptoms such as extreme thirst, a lack of urination, shriveled skin, dizziness and confusion.